Language Education Policy Studies
An International Network
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Brazil Language Education Policy 



Wikipedia on Language Education:


The Civil Rights Project at UCLA:


The Crisis in the Education of Latino Students at NEA:

Bilingual Education as “Political Spectacle”:


World Language Education Policy for Japanese in California:


Language, language policies and education in Timor-Leste:


Language Policy, Political Theory, and English as a 'Global' Language:


  • Edge, J. (2006). (Re-)locating TESOL in an age of empire. Basingstoke, England: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Gandara, P., & Rumberger, R. W. (2009). Immigration, Language, and Education: How Does Language Policy Structure Opportunity? Teachers College Record, 111(3), 750-782.
  • Gándara, P., & M. Cecilia Gómez (2009). Language Policy in Education, in B. Schneider, G. Sykes, & D. Plank (Eds.) AERA Handbook on Educational Policy Research. Washington DC: Routledge and AERA.
  • Reagan, T. (2005, September). Critical theory, globalization and international language education. Paper presented in the University Lecture Series, University of Wisconsin–Madison.
  • Ricento, T. (2006). An introduction to language policy: Theory and method. Malden, MA: Blackwell.
  • Spolsky, B. (2004). Language policy. New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Tochon, F. V. (2009). The Role of Language in Globalization: Language, Culture, Gender and Institutional Learning. International Journal of Educational Policies, 3(2), 107-124.
  • Tochon, Francois Victor (2011). Reflecting on the Paradoxes of Foreign Language Teacher Education: A Critical System Analysis. Porta Linguarum, 15, 7-24.
  • Tochon, F. V., & Karaman, A. C. (2009). Critical reasoning for social justice: Moral encounters with the paradoxes of intercultural education. Intercultural Education, 20(2), 135-149.
  • Tollefson, J. W. (2002). Language policies in education. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.


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This information was originally published on the website of the International Network for Language Education Policy Studies ( as

Tochon, F. V. (2013). Language Education as Policy. In F. V. Tochon (Ed.), Language Education Policy Studies (online). Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin—Madison. Retrieved from: (access date). 

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